About Taj Mahal
The Taj Mahal is the essence of Mughal art and one of the most famous buildings in the world. The apex of Mughal architecture was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in 1628-1658 grandson of Akbar the great, in the memory of third queen Mumtaz Mahal. It was at the age of 14 that Shah Jahan met Mumtaz and fell in love with her. Five years later in the year 1612, they got married. Mumtaz Mahal, an indivisible cohort of Shah Jahan, died in 1631, while giving birth to their 14th child.
Taj Mahal is the finest illustration of Mughal art, a style that combines elements from Persian, Turkish and Golden Triangle India Indian architectural styles. And is one of the Seven Wonders of the World. It’s a true example of indefinable love that he made sure that his beautiful memory should never fade away. Masons, stonecutters, inlayers, carvers, painters, calligraphers, dome-builders and other artisans were put in for the whole of the empire and it took approximately 22 years to build this epitome of love which we see today with the assistence of 22,000 laborers and 1,000 elephants. It was intended by the Iranian architect Ustad Ahmad Lahauri. 28 different varieties of semi-precious and precious stones were used to decorate the Taj with exquisite inlay work
The monument was built exclusively of white marble, which was brought in from all over Golden Triangle Tours India and central Asia. After an disbursement of around 32 million rupees, Taj Mahal was finally accomplished in the year 1653. Channels from Quran have been used as decorative rudiments throughout the complex. On the sides of grave of Mumtaz Mahal, 99 names of Allah can be found as calligraphic inscriptions.
After the completion of Taj Mahal Shah Jahan was overthrown by his own son Aurangzeb and was taken into custody at nearby Agra Fort. Shah Jahan, himself also, lies entombed in this crypt along with his wife
It is open from Sunrise to Sunset.Friday closed; Night viewing on Full Moon Day and two days before and after it, excluding Fridays and in the month of Ramzan. Agra is 204 km away from the capital Delhi and is on the crossroads of national highways 2, 3 and 11. Ground transportation from Delhi to Agra is available throught cabs, trains and by air.